The Climate Law, which for the first time officially enshrined in legislation the goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, was presented by the Slovakian Environment Ministry on Monday.
The law also sets medium-term goals for reducing emissions at the level of entire states, regions, cities, or businesses.
“It is our first climate law in history. For the first time, we will learn how to adapt the country to the challenges of the 21st century,” said Environment Minister Ján Budaj.
The proposal gives citizens the opportunity to file climate lawsuits against the state in the event that it does not fulfil its obligations in meeting climate goals. The law also creates a Council for the Climate, which will have the authority to control individual ministries in the implementation of climate plans and, if necessary, to impose sanctions on them.
For energy and heavy industry, the sectors with the largest emissions, the proposal only sets a general target of reducing emissions by 62 % by 2030 compared to 2005 levels.
The draft law will be available for comments by stakeholders, state institutions, and local authorities. The final version of the legislation must then be approved by the government and subsequently by the parliament.