World Oceans Day 2022 is about revitalising our blue planet. On this day, we highlight the fundamental importance of the ocean to life on earth, and the need for a collective global approach to protect and restore the ocean, and to use the ocean´s enormous potential in a sustainable way to the benefit of societies around the globe.
Our ocean is under enormous strain. The World Meteorological Organization has just confirmed that sea level rise, ocean heat, ocean acidification and greenhouse gas concentrations set new records in 2021. Human-caused climate change has made the ocean and marine life vulnerable. We are losing biodiversity at an unprecedented rate. But we need the ocean as it is part of the solution to the global warming. We need to increase its resilience. Pressure on the ocean is high and that is why we ned to put it high on our agendas.
On the eve of the United Nations Ocean Conference in Lisbon, we will renew our Agenda for International Ocean Governance, providing a strong mandate for the EU to lead and contribute globally in promoting the protection and sustainable use of our oceans. We are only starting to scratch the surface of testing innovative ways to strengthen the natural role of the ocean as carbon sinks. The EU is investing €500 million in its ‘Mission Ocean’ under the Horizon Europe research programme for this and other ocean-related actions.
The EU has already teamed up with 40 countries to form a High Ambition Coalition on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity. We are now calling on all partners to join us in this coalition and to reflect this ambition in a future UN Treaty of the High Seas.
We must take action to protect our planet’s unique but fragile marine ecosystems, which is why the European Union and its Member States have proposed to designate two new marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean of Antarctica.
The EU also wants to tackle without delay the ocean plastic pollution crisis. We have already taken ambitious action at home, by banning some of the most common plastics found as waste on our beaches and in the ocean. The EU will now engage closely with the partners to reach an ambitious global agreement on plastic pollution.
The oceans offer enormous opportunities and untapped potential. The study of deep-sea ecosystems and species, for example, is a source of innovation in the development of new medicines. The waves, tides and winds on our ocean are seemingly endless and clean sources of home-grown energy. Shellfish can help to filter and clean our coastal waters. Sustainable fisheries can provide a steady low-carbon source of food and protein.
We must find real and sustainable solutions to the challenges facing our oceans. It is critical to act now.
Source: European Commission